World Mental Health Day 10th October 2014

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World Mental Health Day 10th October 2014:

Mental illness is the single largest cause of disability in the United Kingdom, contributing up to 22.8% of the total burden, compared to 15.9% for cancer and 16.2% for cardiovascular disease (World Health Organization 2008).
Among people under 65, mental illness accounts for nearly half of all instances of ill health (Centre for Economic Performance Mental Health Group 2012). Mental illness often begins early in life and affects people over a long period (Royal College of Psychiatrists 2010).
Depression and anxiety disorders are by far the most common mental illnesses, with the prevalence of other mental illnesses varying, including eating disorders, personality disorders, and psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or other psychoses.

How can physiotherapy help with mental health?

Physiotherapists can demonstrate the advantages of harnessing the links between body and mind. Increasingly there is more recognition of the link between physical and mental health.
A recent clinical study (see below) demonstrated that exercise (such as running or cycling) can help to purge the body of chemicals that make people depressed when they are stressed. Previous studies have suggested that people feel more positive after exercise because it releases a rush of endorphins but it now appears that during exercise, the muscles begin to act like the liver or kidneys and produce an enzyme which clears out the molecule linked to depression.

Dr Ruas, one of the study’s lead researchers stated: “Our modern, sedentary lifestyles that don’t include sufficient physical activity, might have made us more susceptible to diseases such as stress-induced depression.”
“Physical exercise is already prescribed as a therapy or co-therapy for mild to moderate depression. We think that our findings will help support the use of physical exercise in the prevention and treatment of depression.”
Skeletal Muscle PGC-1a1 Modulates Kynurenine Metabolism and Mediates Resilience to Stress-Induced Depression
 by L Z. Agudelo, T Femenía, F Orhan, M Porsmyr-Palmertz, M Goiny, V Martinez-Redondo, J Correia, M Izadi, M Bhat, I Schuppe-Koistinen, A Pettersson, D Ferreira, A Krook, R Barres, JZierath, S Erhardt, MLindskog, and Jorge L. Ruas
. Published in the journal Cell, online 25 September 2014

 

Visit the following web links for advice and myths vs facts about mental health:

http://www.time-to-change.org.uk/what-are-mental-health-problems
http://www.time-to-change.org.uk/mental-health-statistics-facts

The focus of World Mental Health Day this year is Schizophrenia which affects around 26 million people across the world.

Despite being a treatable disorder, more than 50% of people with schizophrenia cannot access adequate treatment, and 90% of people with untreated schizophrenia live in the developing world.

What is schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia affects how a person thinks, feels, and acts but it’s actually a word that describes a number of symptoms that psychiatry has labelled a disorder. Not everyone with schizophrenia has the same symptoms and the definition of the disorder is wide, including a number of combinations of different things.
Schizophrenia may make it hard for people to judge reality and key features of early psychosis include:
Sleep disturbance
Appetite disturbance
Marked unusual behaviour
Feelings that are flat or seem inconsistent to others
Speech that is difficult to follow
Marked preoccupation with unusual ideas
Ideas of reference – thinking unrelated things have a special meaning, ie people on television talking to you
Persistent feelings of unreality
Changes in the way things appear, sound or smell.
Schizophrenia can occur in anyone but it’s a treatable disorder. Long term medication may be necessary for some people but talking therapies and self-help groups can also be effective.
Visit the following link for further information and advice links:
http://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/our-work/world-mental-health-day/world-mental-health-day-2014/

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Kate Hayes

Author: Kate Hayes

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